Penicillium citreonigrum


Characteristics
Shape and Size
25-30 mm,irregular in shape
Genome Information
genome not found
Food Source
rice
Pathological Factor
P. citreonigrum produces citreoviridin, the cause of acute cardiac beriberi.Citreoviridin is an unusual molecule consisting of a lactone ring conjugated to a furan ring, with a molecular weight of 402 (Cole and Cox, 1981). It is a neurotoxin, acutely toxic to mice, with intraperitoneal and oral LD50s of 7.5 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg respectively
Disease
Symptoms
Citreoviridin caused vomiting, convulsions, ascending paralysis and repiratory arrest. Less frequent signs were reported to be ataxia, enforced movements or stiffness in the extremities, and later cardiovascular disturbance, flaccid paralysis and hypothermia
Affected Body Organs
CNS, mucles

Classification
Kingdom Fungi
Phylum Ascomycota
Class Eurotiomycetes
Subclass Eurotiomycetidae
Order Eurotiales
Family Trichocomaceae
Genus Penicillium
Species P. Citreonigrum