Elephantopus scaber

Botanical Name Elephantopus scaber
Common Name Gobhi
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Compositae
Genus: Elephantopus
Species: scaber
Part used Roots, leaves, flowers.
Medicinal Properties Bitter, acrid, astringent, antipyretic, constipating, diuretic and tonic. Flowers: astringent, bitter, sweet, ophthalmic, aphrodisiac and expectorant.
Medicinal Use Roots and leaves decoction is given in dysuria, urethrorrhea, intermittent fevers, diarrhoea and bronchitis. Root decoction is specifically used for haemorrhoids. Flowers are useful in hepatopathy, ophthalmopathy, bronchitis, cough and swellings.
ChemistryHydroxylated germacrianolides, molephantin and molephantinin having cytotoxic and antitumour properties. Phantomolin and its cis-epoxide, elephantin, elephantopin, deoxyelephantopin, iso-deoxyelephantopin, lupeol, epifriedelanol and stigmasterol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan, specially in dry localities.
DescriptionA rigid herb, perennial with short root stock. Leaves: obovate-oblong, radical forming a spreading rosette on the ground, hairy on both surfaces. Flowers: purple in heads, heads numerous, closely packed. Fruits: achenes, pappus of 4-6 bristles dialated at the base. Flowers and fruits appears during September-December.