Serratia proteamaculans

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Description Serratia proteamaculans and Serratia liquefaciens were thought to be synonymous based on DNA relatedness (Grimont et al.,1978b). However,subsequent observation of significant thermal instability of reassociated DNA fragments supported the separation of both species(Grimont et al.,1982b). Serratia proteamaculans with two speices, proteamaculans and quinovora were created in 1982 by Grimont et al.,(Curr.Microbiol.7:69-74;Int.J.Syst.Bacteriol.33:438-440,1983). Interestingly,it also contains an inducible activator which promotes the growth of soybeans under greenhouse conditions.
Synonyms Xantomonas proteamaculans; Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Grimont et al. 1978; Pseudomonas proteamaculans; Erwinia proteamaculans; "Xantomonas proteamaculans" (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Burkholder 1948; "Pseudomonas proteamaculans" Paine and Stansfield 1919; "Erwinia proteamaculans" (Paine and Stansfield 1919) Dye 1966.
Habitat/Source Serratia proteamaculans is found in the natural environment plants, wild rodents, insects, and water but exceptionally from human clinical specimens.
Pathogenicity This species is associated with a serious form of pneumonia in humans. And it is also the causal agent of amber disease in the grass grub.
GenBank Accession View Genome [NC_009832.1]
Size(Mb) 5.45
GC% 55.1
Genes 5038
CDS 4895

(1) Grimont, P.A.D., Grimont, F., and Starr, M.P. "Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield) comb. nov., a senior heterotypic synonym of Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty) Bascomb et al." Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1978) 28:503-510.

(2) Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (9th Edition,p.218,Table 5.2).Edited by John G. Holt,The Williams & Wilkins Co..