Carthamus tinctorius

Botanical Name Carthamus tinctorius
Common Name Kasumba
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Carthamus
Species: tinctorius
Part used Flowers
Medicinal Properties Laxative, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Sedative, Nevine, Emneragogine, Purgative, Anti-rheumatic, Diphoretic.
Medicinal Use Chlorosis, jaundice, inflammation of the womb after child birth, menstruation, abdominal pain, wounds, sores, measles, fever, skin diseases.
ChemistryTriglycerides, Vitamine E, Crude protein, Crude fat, Beta-farnesene, Cadienals, Heptenols, Hexenols, Pentenals, Penenols, (Z)-3 hexayl-benzoate, 1-hexadecene, 1-petadecene, 1-tridecene, 2-hydroxyaretin, Alpha-phellandre, Caryophyllene-epoxide, Chromium, Limonene, Neocarthemin, Phosphorus.
Cultivation Propagule various pollination method, planting style crop spacing, row spacing, cold frame, planting period, harvesting period, frost tolerance, heat requirement, fertilizer, typical time to harvest.
Regional HabitatDesert area of Rajasthan
DescriptionSafflower plant 0.6-1.5m high, produces many branches with heads at the ends. Each head, as in other thistles, consists of numerous flowers, each normally producing a single seed. The seed is composed of a kernel surrounded by a thick fibrous hull so difficult to remove, that much safflower meal is made from unhulled seed.