Cirsium arvense

Botanical Name Cirsium arvense
Common Name Thistle
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Cirsium
Species: arvense
Part used Leaves
Medicinal Properties Emetic, tonic and diaphoretic.
Medicinal Use Useful in tuberculosis, gastrointestinal ailments.
ChemistryInodorous, bitter glycoside. Leaves: HCN, glucoside. Seeds: fatty oil.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatOccurence rare, found in waste places and cultivated fields. Distribution: Kota district of Rajasthan.
DescriptionIt is an herbaceous perennial with erect stems 1-4 feet tall, prickly leaves and on extensove creeping rootstocks. Stems are branched, often slightly hairy, and ridged. Leaves are lence-shaped, irregular lobed with spiny, toothed margins and are borne singly and alternativly along the stem. Rose-purple, lavender, or sometimes white flower heads. Fruits: cypsels smooth. Flowers and fruits appears during December-March.