Helianthus annuus

Botanical Name Helianthus annuus
Common Name Surajmukhi
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Helianthus
Species: annuus
Part used Flowers, Leaves, Seeds, Roots
Medicinal Properties Relaxant, moderately stimulant. Flowers: tonic, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic. Leaves: emetic. Seeds: diuretic, expectorant.
Medicinal Use Flowers: cures "kapha" and "vata" skin diseases, itching, ulcers, leprosy, hysteria, fever, biliousness, asthma, burning sensation, in scorpion sting and snake bite, emmenagogue, lessen inflammation, piles, opthalmia, kidney diseases. Leaves: used in lumber pain. Seeds: useful in bronchial laryngeal, pulmonary affections, cough and colds. Roots: stregthens teeth, cures toothache.
ChemistryCalories, Protein, Fat, Carbohydrate, Ascorbic acid, Oil, Linoleic acid, Potash, Fiber, Oleic acid, Linolenic acid, saturated acids, Palmitic and Stearic, Natural antitoxidant.
Cultivation Seed harvest at 12% moisture content and stored, will retain viability for several years. Propagation is always by seed. Seed rate of 5.6kg/ha, giving about 62,500 plants per ha.
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan.
DescriptionA variable, erect, often unbranched, fast growing, annual herb. Stem: 0.7-3.5m tall, hirsute. Leaves: alternate, ovate, long-petioled, lamina with 3 main veins, 10-30cm long, apex acute or acuminate; lower leaves opposite and cordate, flowering head terminal on main stem. Flowers: capitula upto 15 cm across, stalk soild; ray-florets yellow, ligules elliptic; disc florets numerous, brownish-yellow, pappus-awns 2, caducous. Fruits: cypsels dark-brown, sub-compressed obovate. Flowers and fruits appears during October-March.