Lactuca sativa

Botanical Name Lactuca sativa
Common Name Garden lettuce.
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Lactuca
Species: sativa
Part used Seeds, Leaves
Medicinal Properties Anodyne, Antispasmodic, sedative, Hypnotic, Abhrodisiac, Diuretic, Expectorant, purgative, Demulcent, refrigerant, Antipyretic, Haematinic, galactogogue, Rheumatism.
Medicinal Use Headache, opthalmia, prevents fall of hairs, inflammation, headache, purification of blood, improve appetite, biliousness, nervousness and palpitation of heart, fever, inflammation and coughs, bronchitis, asthma, pertusis, chronic bronchitis, insomnia, wakefulness.
ChemistryLactucarium(Lactucin, lactuco-picrin and lacturic acid, large amount of caoutchoue, volatile oil, sugar, gum, pectic acid, albumen, oxalic acid, mannit, potassium, nitrate etc.)
Cultivation Lectuca is a cool seasonal plant and grows best in the middle spring air. Lettuce can be grown directly into the garden, or indoors and then transplanted as soon as the garden can be prepared with a bit of planning. You can plant lettuces and greens every 1-2 weeks all summer.
Regional HabitatDesert area of Rajasthan
DescriptionIt is an annual herb. Root: tap shaped, with a corymbose. Stem: 2 or 3 feet in height. Leaves: suborbicular; cauline ones cordate. Flowers: heads numerous and small, corolla yellowish.