Siegesbeckia orientalis

Botanical Name Siegesbeckia orientalis
Common Name Holy Herb
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Siegesbeckia
Species: orientalis
Part used Whole plant
Medicinal Properties Tonic, Aperients.
Medicinal Use Protective covering for wounds, burns etc, rheumatism, renal colic, ringworm, syphilis, leprosy, hepatic cirrhosis, various skin diseases, gangrenous ulcers, sialongogue.
ChemistryEssential oil, salicyclic acid and bitter glucoside.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatFrequently occurs in moist and shady places in the forest as an undergrowth of hilly areas. Distribution: Sirohi district of Rajasthan.
DescriptionErect, 45-60 cm high herbs. Stem: terete, whitish pubescent, tinged with purple. Leaves: petioles 0.1-2.0 cm long, slightly winged; lamina cuneate at base, ovate, 2.2-9.5 x 0.8-4.8 cm, surfaces pubescent, apex acute, margins toothed; those at the apical nodes ovate-lanceolate, 3-veined at the base, apex acute/acuminate, margins coarsely crenate-dentate. Flowers: capitula 0.5-0.8 cm across; stalk 0.4-1.5 cm long, hispidly hairy; invol. bracts of the outer series 5 in number, linear-clavate, 0.9 x 0.1 cm, spreading; inner ones 5 in number, boat shaped, concave, obtuse, pubescent abaxially; palea 0.4x 0.1 cm, pubescent, often glandular, enfolding the cypsels; ray-florets 5 in number, 0.6 cm long, corolla 0.17 cm long, ligule 0.1 cm long, 3-lobed, yellow; disc-florets 0.15 cm long, corolla 0.15 cm long; anther 0.1 cm long, apical appendages ovate; style 0.15 cm long. Fruits: cypsels blackish-brown, 0.4 cm long, glabrous. Flowers and fruits appears during August-December.