Sonchus oleraceus

Botanical Name Sonchus oleraceus
Common Name Dodak
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Sonchus
Species: oleraceus
Part used Roots, leaves and bronish gum.
Medicinal Properties Anticancer, Cathartic, Antipyretic. Roots and Leaves: Tonic, Febrifuge.
Medicinal Use Obstructions, pain from scalding urine, sediment in bladder and retention of urine, warts, poultice to inflammatory swellings, fever, stimulating physical, mental or emotional vigor. Gum: Hydrogogue.
ChemistryWater, calories, Protein, Fat, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Ash, Calcium, phophorus, iron, vitmin A, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, vitamin C.
Cultivation Succeeds in moist soils in sunny position.
Regional HabitatCommon weed of cultivated fields, marshy-places and occasionally a forest undergrowth. Distribution: Ganganagar, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Nagaur, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Alwar, Ajmer, Sirohi, Udaipur, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Bundi, Bharatpur, Sawai Madhopur, Banswara and Jhalawar districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionTree, 20-40 feet high, many spreading branches. Leaves: pinnate, alternate, 12-18 inches long, deciduous, leaflets opposite. Flowers: bright yellow, long, pendulous racemes. Fruits: cylindric, inpod, drooping. Seeds: oval, glossy and somewhat flattened. Flowers and fruits appears during November-April.