Sphaeranthus indicus

Botanical Name Sphaeranthus indicus
Common Name Gorakhmundi
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Sphaeranthus
Species: indicus
Part used Whole plant, Roots and Bark.
Medicinal Properties Whole plant: hot, laxative, tonic, alterative, anthelmintic, alexipharmic, emmenagogue. Roots: aphrodisiac, anthelmintic.
Medicinal Use Whole plant: insanity, tuberculous glands, indigestion, bronchitis, spleen diseases, elephantiasis, anaemia, pain in the uterus and vegina, piles, asthma, leucoderma, dysentry, vomiting, hemicrania, increase appetite, enriches blood, lessens inflammation, luster to eyes, scabies, ringworm of the waist, disease of chest, cough. Root: prolapsus and toothache. Bark: piles.
ChemistryMethyl chavicol, Alpha-ionene, D-cadinene, P-methoxy cinnarraldehyde, Alpha-terpinene, Citral, Geraniol, Geranyl acetate, Beta-ionene, Sphaerene.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatGregariously occurs as a dry phase plant on the beds of ditches and seasonal ponds. Distribution: Ganganagar, Jhunjhunu, Barmer, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Sirohi, Udaipur, Tonk, Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Bharatpur, Kota and Banswara districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionIt is a much branched, strongly-scented annual herb with winged stem and the wings toothed. Alternately arranged obovate-oblong leaves are narrowed at the base, dentate and serrate, 1-3 cm long. Flowers occur in purple spherical heads, 8-15 mm, consisting of numerous tiny flowers. Flowers are purple and the stamens pale-purple. Flowering & Fruiting: October-April.