Anthocephalus chinensis

Botanical Name Anthocephalus chinensis
Common Name Kadam
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Anthocephalus
Species: chinensis
Part used Bark, leaves and fruits.
Medicinal Properties Bark: vulnerary, astringent, aphordisiac, cooling, alexiteric, febrifuge and tonic. Fruits: aphrodisiac and stomachic.
Medicinal Use Bark: blood diseases, uterine complaints, biliousness, burning sensation, cure of bowels. Leaves: decoction is used in ulcers, wounds and metrorrhea. Fruits: leprosy, dysentery.
ChemistryCadambine, cadamine, isocadamine, 3-alpha-dihydrocadambine, 3-alpha-isodihydro-cadambine, 3-beta-dihydrocadambine and 3-beta-isodihydro-cadambine. Leaves: hentriacontanol and bita-sitosterol. Dried stem-bark: sapogenins, cadambagenic acid and quinovic acid, bita-sitosterol and four saponins, viz. saponins A, B, C and D, steroids, alkaloids, fats and reducing sugars. Heartwood: alkaloids cadambine, 3-alpha-dihydrocadambine and isodihydrocadambine.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatOccurence rare. Low levels of ghats, in wet places. Sirohi district, Rajasthan.
DescriptionDeciduous, tall tree, branches cylindric, spreading at the top, bark dark grey with longitudinal fissures, wood yellowish-white and soft. Leaves: shortly petiolate, stipules lanceolate, lamina acute-obtuse at the base, ovate, elliptic-oblong, glabrous adaxially, pubescent abaxially, apex acute. Flowers: pentamerous, calyx lobes oblanceolate, persistent, corolla 5-lobed, orange tinged, Stigma white narrowly clavate. Fruits: large, fleshy. Seeds: angular. Flowers appears during hot and rainy seasons. Fruits appears during October-November.