Azadirachta indica

Botanical Name Azadirachta indica
Common Name Neem
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Azadirachta
Species: indica
Part used Leaves, Flower, Seed Oil, Bark
Medicinal Properties Anthelmintic, antiseptic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, contraceptive, sedative, mosquito repellent, anti-desertification properties and good carbon dioxide sink.
Medicinal Use Plant pacifies vitiated pitta, skin diseases, eczema, fever, wound, ulcer, burning sensation, tumor, worms, cough, diabetes, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis. Leaf juice used as blood purifier. Used in cosmetics and bio-pesticide.
ChemistryIt contains nimbin, nimbinin, nimbicidin, nimbiol, secondary metabolite, azadirachtin, azadirachtol, azadirachnol, azadirone. Salannin (fruits), tiglic acid (seed oil), margosene (flowers).
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatDistributed throughout Rajasthan, also cultivated along road sides and farm boundaries.
DescriptionIn India, the tree is variously known as "Heal All", "Village Pharmacy". Large sized tree grows up to 30 meters in height. Leaves compound, leaflets opposite, serrate and acuminate. Flowers yellowish white. Fruits elliptical one seeded.