Boswellia serrata

Botanical Name Boswellia serrata
Common Name Salai gugul
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Boswellia
Species: serrata
Part used Trunk, bark and gum resin.
Medicinal Properties Gum-rasin: antiseptic, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, stomachic, ecbolic,emmenagogue and expectorant;bark: acrid, cooling and tonic.
Medicinal Use Gum-rasin(trunk): beneficial in cutaneous and nervous diseases, chronic diarrhoea, syphilitic diseases, goitre, gout, piles, rheumatism, bronchitis, asthma and tumors; bark: skin diseases, dysentery, ulcers, haemorrhoids and diarrhoea.
ChemistryBark: tannins, pentosans, beta-sitosterol, holocellulose, lignin; stem(salai gugul): gum-resin; oil: elenol, cadinene; seeds: crude protein, mucilage.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatForests of Rajasthan in dry hilly areas.
DescriptionMedium sized decideduous tree, bark frequently papyraceous. Leaves are alternate, imparipinnate with opposite, sessile, ovate leaflets, crowded at ends of branches. Flowers are small, white, axillary racemes. Fruits are drupes, splited in three valves. Seeds are compressed, pendulous.