Butea monosperma

Botanical Name Butea monosperma
Common Name Palas
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Butea
Species: monosperma
Part used Flower, leaves, bark, stem and gum
Medicinal Properties Anthelmintic, diuretic, depurative, astringent, aphrodisiac
Medicinal Use Seeds are useful in flatulence and piles. Leaves are used as febrifuge. Bark(Butea gum) is used in diarrhoea and dysentery.
ChemistryButin, 7-glucoside, sulphurein, palasitrin, crude protein, crude fiber, ether extr, N-free extr, minerals, calcium, and phosphorus, Jalaric esters I and II, laccijalaric esters III and IV.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan, upto 1200m . Grows in open grassland areas.
DescriptionA medium sized deciduous tree, 12-15m in height with gum-containing grey bark; crooked trunk; leaves 3-foliate large unequal; flowers bright orange red, large, in rigid racemes; fruits pods, thickened at sutures.