|Description||Erect herb, grows upto 30-60 cm in height. Stem terete, white-puberulous. Leaves: sessile, lamina semi-amplexicaul at base, oblong, oblong-lanceolate, apical leaves very spinous, mid-vein and lateral-veins raised abaxially, terminating into spines. Flowers: capitula 0.7-1.5 cm across, orange-yellow, solitary, terminal. Florets 2.8 cm long, pappus absent, corolla orange-yellow, lobes linear, acute. Stamens 5, filaments 0.2 cm long, anthers 0.5 cm long, apical appendages oblong. Style 2.2 cm long, filiform, simple, stigma hairy. Flowers and fruits appears during May-July.