Colocynthis vulgaris

Botanical Name Colocynthis vulgaris
Common Name Tamahak
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Colocynthis
Species: vulgaris
Part used Flowers, fruits, root and seeds.
Medicinal Properties Flowers: actinomorphic. Roots: purgative.
Medicinal Use Roots: used in ascites, jaundice, rheumatism and urinary troubles.
ChemistryFruit pulp: citrullin and citrullol. Seeds: fixed oil.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatNA
DescriptionThis plant is a annual, prostrate or climbing herbaceous. Commonly having 5-angled stems and coiled tendrils. Leaves: alternate and usually palmately 5-lobed or divided, stipules are absent. Flowers: nearly always unisexual, calyx of 3-6 segments or lobes and 3-6 petals. Androecium: highly variable, consisting of basically 5 distinct to completely connate stamens that frequently are twisted, folded or reduced in number. Gynoecium: consists of a single compound pistil of 2-5 carpels. Fruit: berry type (pepo).