Artemisia scoparia

Botanical Name Artemisia scoparia
Common Name Wormwood
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Artemisia
Species: scoparia
Part used Whole dried young plant
Medicinal Properties Aromatic, purgative, slightly bitter and cold.
Medicinal Use Useful to remove damp-heat, relieve jaundice, also used as infusion and in burns.
ChemistryCapillarisin, Chlorogenic acid butyl ester, 6,7-Dimethylesculetin, Isosabandin, Magnolioside (Isoscopoletin-Beta-D-glucopyranoside), 7-Methoxycoumarine, 7-Methylesculetin, Sabandins A, Sabandins B, Scoparone (6,7-dimethoxycoumarin), Scopoletin, Beta-Sitosterol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatCommonly found in the fallow fields, waste places and pasture-land in the rainy season. Distribution: Ganganagar, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Jodhpur, Sirohi, Jaipur, Bharatpur and Sawai Madhopur districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionErect, 1-1.5 m high, scenty herbs. Stem: sulcate, glabrescent, usually tinged with purple. Leaves: radical leaves are whorled; petiole 0.1-1.0 cm long; laminar segments linear, 0.5-1.0 cm long; cauline leaves filiform, 0.5-2.5 cm long, entire. Flowers: capitula 0.1-0.2 cm across, in terminal panicles; stalk 0.05-1.0 cm long; invol. bracts 3-4 striate, glistening; outer ones ovate-oblong, 0.08 cm long, obtuse; inner oblong, 0.2 cm long, apex obtuse; ray-florets 10 in number, 0.1 cm long, corolla 0.03 cm long, greenish-yellow; style slender, 2-fid; disc-florets 0.15 cm long, corolla 0.15 cm long, anthers 0.1 cm long, style 0.1 cm long. Fruits: cypsels oblong-ellipsoid, 0.03 cm long, smooth. Flowers and fruits appears during August-Februay.