Caesalpinia bonduc

Botanical Name Caesalpinia bonduc
Common Name Nikhar nut
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Caesalpiniaceae
Genus: Caesalpinia
Species: bonduc
Part used Root bark, leaves, seeds
Medicinal Properties The root bark is emmenagogue, febrifuge, expectorant, anthelmintic and stomachic. The leaves are anthelmintic, emmenagogue, febrifuge. The seeds are bitter, astringent, acrid, thermogenic, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, digestive, stomachic, liver-tonic, depurative, expectorant, contraceptive, antipyretic and aphrodisiac.
Medicinal Use Root bark: It is useful in amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, fevers, cough, asthma, intestinal worms, colic, flatulence and dyspepsia. Leaves: leaves are useful in elephantiasis, intestinal worms, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly, amenorrhoea, dysmenorrhoea, fevers and pharyngodynia. Seeds: seeds are useful in vitiated conditions of tridosa, arthralgia, inflammations, hydrocele, cough, asthma, leucoderma, leprosy, skin diseases, dyspepsia, dysentery, colic, haemorrhoids, intestinal worms, hepatopathy, splenopathy, diabetes and intermittent fevers.
ChemistrySeed kernels contains Alpha-, Beta-, Gamma-, Delta- and Epsilon-caesalpins, caesalpin F and a homoisoflavone, bonducellin.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan, in the plains on waste lands and coastal areas
DescriptionA large straggling, very thorny shrub, branches armed with hooks and straight hard yellow prickles; leaves bipinnate, large, stipules, foliaceous, pinnae 7 pairs, leaflets 3-8 pairs with 1-2 small recurved prickles between them on the underside; flowers yellow, in dense long peduncled supra-axillary racemes at the top; fruits inflated pods, covered with wiry prickles, seeds 1-2 per pod, oblong or globulat, hard, grey with a smooth shiny surface.