Aegle marmelos

Botanical Name Aegle marmelos
Common Name Bael
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Aegle
Species: marmelos
Part used Fruit, root, bark, seeds, leaves, flowers
Medicinal Properties Antibilious, antiparasitical, antipyretic, aphrodisiac, aromatic, alternative, astringent, digestive stimulant, febrifuge, hemostatic, laxative, nutritive, stomachic, stimulant, tonic. Fruits: cooling and laxative.
Medicinal Use Diabetes, dyspepsia, chronic diarrhea, heart diseases, dysentery. Leaf: against peptic ulcers and respiratory disorders. Fruits: arrest secretion or blooding, cure diahorrea and dysentry. Root: ear problems.
ChemistryBeta-sitosterol(all parts); amino acids(fruits, leaves); dictamnine(pericarp, wood); marmesin(pericarp, bark, wood); marmin, umbelliferone(pericarp, bark); skimmianine(leaves, bark); carbohydrate, carotene, fat, tannins and vitamins; imperatorin (marmelosin) and its isomers, alloimperatorin and marmelide, psoralen and tannic acid(fruits); alpha-d-phellandrene(rind, leaf, oil);
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatBael is suitable for dry forests on hills and plains of Rajasthan.
DescriptionA spinous, deciduous, aromatic tree, spines, straight, strong, axillary. It grows up to 18 meters tall and bears long thorns. Leaves: usually 3-foliolate, sometimes 5-foliolate; leaflets ovate-lanceolate, lateral sessile, terminal long-petioled. Flowers: borne in few-flowered, axillary panicles, greenish-white, sweet-scented. Fruits: large, upto 15 cm diameter, globose, ovoid or pyriform, 8-15 celled, rind grey or greyish-yellow, woody, pulp orange, sweet. Seeds: numerous in aromatic pulp, oblong, compressed, testa woolly and mucilaginous.