Holarrhena antidysenterica

Botanical Name Holarrhena antidysenterica
Common Name Kurchi
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Holarrhena
Species: antidysenterica
Part used Seeds, leaves and bark.
Medicinal Properties Seeds and Bark: anthelmintic, antidysenteric, astringent, bitter, febrifuge and stomachic. Seeds: antiperiodic, carminative.
Medicinal Use useful in anaemia, colic pain, diarrhoea, haematuria, menorrhagia, obstetric conditions, spermatorrhoea, splenomegaly. Seeds: decoction beneficial in chronic dysentery and in bleeding piles. Powdered seeds mixed with honey given in chronic chest affection, asthma and colic pain. Leaves: used in chronic bronchitis. Bark: useful in colitis, stomachic and tonic.
ChemistryConessidine, conessimine and isoconessimine, sonessine, conimine, holadiene, holarrhenine, conamine, conarrhimine, holarrhine, kurchine, lettocine, norconessine. Linoceric, linolenic, linoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatTropical parts of Rajasthan. Also cultivated on road-sides.
DescriptionA small deciduous tree. Leaves: elliptic, oblong, ovate or ovate-oblong, nerves 10-14 pairs, strong arched. Flowers: borne in corymbose cymes, white, fragrant. Sepals acuminate. Corolla-tube slender, lobes oblong. Fruits: follicles, slender, parallel, terete, usually with long white spots. Seeds: narrowly linear-oblong, glabrous. Flowers from April-July and fruits from August-October.