Ixora coccinea

Botanical Name Ixora coccinea
Common Name Bandhuka
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Ixora
Species: coccinea
Part used Roots, leaves and flowers.
Medicinal Properties Roots: astringent, acrid, febrifuge, sedative, stomachic and antiseptic. Flowers: astringent, bitter, sweet, carminative, digestive and constipating.
Medicinal Use Roots: useful in hiccough, fever, gonorrhoea, anorexia, diarrhoea, dysentery, cephalagia, sores, chronic ulcers and skin diseases. Leaves: useful in diarrhoea. Flowers: useful in dysentery, dysmenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, haemoptysis, catarrhal bronchitis, ophthalmopathy, sores and ulcers.
ChemistryRoot: acrid aromatic oil, tannin, fatty acids and a white crystalline substance. Root-bark: II-octadecadienoic acid, mannitol and myristic acid. Flowers: yellow coloured quercitrin, wax and neutral crystalline substance.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatGenerally founds in forest lands and road cutting, also cultivated as ornamental plants throughout Rajasthan.
DescriptionLarge glabrous shrub with few branches. Leaves: simple, opposite decussate, elliptic, ovate or obovate sessile, main nerves 8-12 pairs, coriaceous, olive green when dry. Flowers: scarlet, in dense sessile or short peduncled corymbiform cymes. Fruits: globose, fleshy, smooth, crowned with the persistent calyx, purple when ripe. Seeds: concave on the ventral surface. Flowers and fruits appears during april.