Jatropha curcas

Botanical Name Jatropha curcas
Common Name Bagbherenda
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Spermatopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Jatropha
Species: curcas
Part used Leaves, seeds, oil, twigs, stem and root-bark.
Medicinal Properties Seed: oil is depurative and purgative; Leaves: lactagogue and suppurative; Stem: styptic.
Medicinal Use Seed: oil is externally applied in chronic rheumatism and skin diseases, haemorrhoids, wounds, splenomegaly; Leaves: useful in foul ulcers, tumours and scabies; Twigs: used as a tooth brush for swollen gums; Root-bark: locally applied in rheumatism.
ChemistrySeeds: amino acids- arachidic, linoleic, myristic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids. arabinose, galactose, glucose, rhamnose, xylose, galacturonic acid and beta-sitosterol; stem: beta-D-glucoside of beta-sitosterol; Kernel: dulcitol and sucrose; Leaves: vitexin and isovitexin, campesterol, l-triacontanol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatCommonly found throughout in Rajasthan, in plains and in hedges.
DescriptionA large glabrous shrub, 3-4 m high. Leaves: long-petioled, orbicular-cordate, entire or 3-5 lobed. Flowers: yellow, corolla-tube of male villous within, ovary and styles glabrous. Capsule: 2.5-3 cm long, ellipsoid, faintly lobed, breaking into 2-valved cocci. Seeds: upto 2 cm long, black, ellipsoid-oblong. Flowers and fruits from April-September.