Mitragyna parvifolia

Botanical Name Mitragyna parvifolia
Common Name Kayim, Kumra
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Mitragyna
Species: parvifolia
Part used Roots, bark, leaves.
Medicinal Properties Roots & Bark: acrid, bitter, stomachic and febrifuge. Leaves: acrid, bitter, sweet, styptic, vulnerary, stomachic, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, depurative and febrifuge.
Medicinal Use Roots & Bark: useful in gastropathy, colic and fever. Leaves: internal and external haemorrhages, wounds, colic, flatulence, dyspepsia, inflammations, myalgia, skin diseases, leprosy, erysipeals and fever.
ChemistryPyroligneous acid, methyl acetate, ketones and aldehydes, methanol, tar, pitch and losses.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan, in deciduous and evergreen forests, particularly in the slopes. Distribution: Jaisalmer, Alwar, Dungarpur, Jaipur, Bundi, Bharatpur, Sawai Madhopur, Kota and Jhalawar districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionA medium sized to large deciduous tree with rounded crown and light grey smooth bark, exfoliating in small scales. Leaves: simple, opposite, very variable, elliptic, suborbicular or obovate, rounded, acute or bluntly acuminate, glabrous on both sides, main nerves 6-8 pairs, stipules 13 by 5.8 mm. Flowers: greenish yellow, fragrant, in globose heads. Fruits: oblong capsules with blunt rounded tops and blunt ribs. Seeds: minute, smooth, brown. Flowers appears during August-September and fruits appears during October-February.