Morinda tomentosa

Botanical Name Morinda tomentosa
Common Name Maddimara
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Morinda
Species: tomentosa
Part used Root, Leaves, Fruits
Medicinal Properties Leaves: tonic and febrifuge. Roots: styptic, astringent, cathartic and alexiteric. Fruits: tonic. Fruits(riped): mild, laxative.
Medicinal Use Leaves & fruits: useful in fever. Roots: used for bowels (dries boils), infusion as a bath. This plant also useful in diarrhea, wounds and ulcers, spongy gums.
ChemistryHeartwood: morindone, damnacanthal and nordamnacanthal (1,3-dihydroxy-2-formylanthraquinone), anthraquinone easter-tinctomorone. Root-bark: morindone diglucoside (Morindonin), 6-primeveroside of morindone. Stem-bark: alizarin-1-methyl eather, rubiadin and mannitol. Leaves: ursolic acid. Oil: fatty acids, campesterol, stigmasterol and bita-sitosterol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatFrequently founds in forests on Aravalli hill ranges. Distribution: Kota and jhalawar districts.
DescriptionTrees, 5-8 m tall. Young branches 4-angled tomentose. Leaves: stipules acute or often bifid, lobes acute; lamina attenuate at the base, elliptic/elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, thinly coriaceous, surfaces tomentose, veins conspicuous, lateral-veins 4-6 pairs, apex acute or acuminate, margins entire. Flowers: 5-merous, sweet-scented; calyx tube cohering, limb short, truncate, sometimes with 1-2 foliaceous lobes; corolla white, tube hairy outside, lobes oblong, obtuse or sub-acute; anthers included. Fruits: 0.2 cm across, irregularly globose or ellipsoid, fleshy syncarpium. Flowers appears during August-September and fruits appears during October-December.