Oroxylum indicum

Botanical Name Oroxylum indicum
Common Name Syonakah
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Bignoniaceae
Genus: Oroxylum
Species: indicum
Part used Roots, leaves, fruits, seeds.
Medicinal Properties Roots: sweet, astringent, bitter, acrid, refrigerant, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, aphrodisiac, expectorant, appetizing, carminative, digestive, anthelmintic, constipating, diaphoretic, diuretic, antiarthritic, febrifuge and tonic. Leaves: stomachic, and anodyne. Fruits(tender): expectorant, carminative, and stomachic. Fruits(mature): acrid, sweet, anthelmintic and stomachic. Seeds: purgative.
Medicinal Use Roots: useful in inflammations, dropsy, sprains, neuralgia, hiccough, cough, asthma, bronchitis, anorexia, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, helminthiasis, diarrhoea, dysentery, strangury, gout, vomiting, leucoderma, wounds, rheumatoid arthritis and fever. Leaves: useful in stomachalgia, flatulence, cephalalgia, ulcers and splenomegaly. Fruits(tender): used in cough, bronchitis, dyspepsia, flatulence, colic and leucoderma. Fruits(mature): used in pharyngodynia, cardiac disorders, helminthiasis, gastropathy, bronchitis and haemotthoids.
ChemistryStem and root bark: three flavone colouring matters, viz. oroxylin-A, baicalein and chrysin. Bark: traces of an alkaloid, charya. Seeds: yellow crystalline principle and baicalein and its glucoside i.e. tetuin.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan in deciduous forests and in moist areas.
DescriptionA small to medium sized deciduous tree, grows upto 2 m in height, having soft light brown bark with corky lenticels. Leaves: very large, 90-180 cm long, 2-3 pinnate with 5 or more pairs of primary pinnate, rachis very soft and cylindric, leaflets 2-4 pairs ovate or elliptic, acuminate and glabrous. Flowers: lurid to reddish purple outside, dull or pale pinkish yellow within, numerous in large erect racemes. Fruits: flat capsules, upto 1 m long tapering to both ends.