Ocimum americanum

Botanical Name Ocimum americanum
Common Name Vantulsi
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Ocimum
Species: americanum
Part used Leaves, seeds.
Medicinal Properties Leaves: aromatic, acrid, bitter, thermogenic, appetizing, digestive, carminative, depurative, expectorant, anthelmintic, cardiotonic, alexeteric and tonic.
Medicinal Use Leaves: useful in helminthiasis, anorexia, dyspepsia, flatulence, dysentery, leprosy, pruritus, parasitic, vomiting, poisonous affections, haemoptysis, strangury, migraine, malaria and fever. Seeds: useful in hyperdipsia, malaria, migraine and emaciation.
ChemistryCitral, linalool, geraniol, citronellol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatFound in open fields and waste lands.
DescriptionA pubescent erect much branched herb, 15-60cm high with sub-quadrangular striate branches. Leaves: elliptic-lanceolate, entire or faintly toothed, glabrous and gland dotted. Flowers: white, pink or purplish in elongate racemes with more or less closely set whorls. Fruits: small, nutlets pitted, mucilaginous when wetted.