Premna latifolia

Botanical Name Premna latifolia
Common Name Arani
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Premna
Species: latifolia
Part used Roots and leaves.
Medicinal Properties Roots: astringent, bitter acrid, sweet, thermogenic, laxative, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, cardiotonic and alterant expectorant. Leaves: stomachic, carminative and galactagogue.
Medicinal Use Roots: useful in neuralgia, inflammations, cardiac disorders, cough, asthma, bronchitis. Leaves: useful in dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, agalactia, cough, rheumatalgia, neuralgia, haemorrhoids and tumors.
ChemistryAlkaloids, premnine, ganiarine and ganikarine.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatCommonly found in plain areas, throughout Rajasthan.
DescriptionShrubs or small trees. Branchlets dark brown, striate, pubescent when young, subglabrescent. Leaves: leaf blade ovate-oblong, ovate, subrounded, or cordate, 5-20 X 4-10 cm, Petiole 1-2 cm, yellow pilose; veins 5-8 pairs, reticulate veins obscure. Flowers: bracts linear, 0.1-0.3 cm, deciduous; Calyx 0.2 cm, 5-dentate, outside minutely hirsute, inside glabrous; Corolla dusty yellow, 5-lobed, outside puberulent, villous in throat; Stamens equal or longer than style, exserted; anthers black. Fruit black, tuberculate, glabrous. Flowers and fruits appears during late spring to summer.