Paederia foetida

Botanical Name Paederia foetida
Common Name Bakuchi, Gandhali
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Paederia
Species: foetida
Part used Whole plant, fresh leaves and seed.
Medicinal Properties Whole plant: aphrodisiac, tonic and laxative. Leaves: antidysenteric, laxative and tonic. Seeds: alexiphormic.
Medicinal Use Whole plant: used in inflammations, piles, fever, eye and night blindness, rheumatic affections. Leaves: used in the bacillary dysentery. Decoction of the leaves is also used in treating urinary lithiasis, dysuria, rheumatism, dyspepsia, gastritis and enteritis.Seeds: useful in piles and leucoderma.
ChemistryLeaves: essential oil, alkaloids a-paederine and b-paederine.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatGrows wildly. Distribution: Udaipur district of Rajasthan.
DescriptionPerennial climbing plant. Leaves: opposite, margins entire, purple beneath, inflorescence in axillary cyme. Flowers: small, white with pale-violet spots. Fruits: sub-ovoid, slightly compressed glabrous, reddish. Seeds: compressed. The whole plant is covered with pubescence. It has a fetid smell when crushed. Flowers appears during October-January and fruits appears during November-April.