Sonchus asper

Botanical Name Sonchus asper
Common Name Didhi
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Sonchus
Species: asper
Part used Young shoots, seeds and whole plant.
Medicinal Properties Herb used as emollient and for bitter substance.
Medicinal Use Young shoots eaten as salad, seeds also eaten. It is pounded and applied to wounds and boils.
ChemistryEpifriedelinol acetate, stigmasterol and apigenin and luteolin along with their 7-glucuronides, alpha-amyrin, beta-amyrin, germanicol, gama-taraxasterol, taraxasterol, their respective acetates and lupeol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatIt occurs in the moist and shady places in gardens, waste-places and nallas. Growth of the plants, growing along the nallas and in marshy places is usually robust. Distribution: Ganganagar, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Jaisalmer, Jodhpur, Barmer, Sirohi, Jaipur, Bhilwara, Bharatpur, Kota, Banswara and Jhalawar districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionErect, 60 cm high glabrous, annual herbs. Stem: terete. Leaves: radical ones attenuate at base, obovate-oblong, spathlate, 3.5-9.5 x 0.7-1.5 cm, margins spinulose-dentate, apex obtuse; cauline ones alternate, auriculate at base, 5.1-8.5 x 1.2-2.2 cm, runcinate-pinnatifid; those at the apical nodes linear-oblong and acute at apex. Flowers: capitula 0.5-0.8 cm across, numerous; stalk 0.3-1.1 cm long, glandular; invol. bracts ovate, lanceolate, 1.0 x 0.1 cm, membranous; florets numerous, fertile; pappus hairs numerous, white; corolla yellow, pubescent. Fruits: cypsels brown, elliptic-obovate, flattened. Flowers and fruits appears during September-March.