Launaea sarmentosa

Botanical Name Launaea sarmentosa
Common Name NA
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Launaea
Species: sarmentosa
Part used Plant
Medicinal Properties Soporific, tonic, diuretic, and aperient.
Medicinal Use Used for rheumatism. Leaves consumed in times of scarcity. Fed to buffaloes as a galactagogue. Considered useful as a sand binder.
ChemistryLeaves: taraxasterol. Roots: taraxeryl accetate.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatAbundantly growing species of sandy area. Distribution: Ganganagar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dungarpur, Jaipur and Bharatpur districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionGlabrous, procumbent, perennial herbs. Stem: 30-90 cm long, striate, rooting and bearing rosette leaves at the all nodes and arching between them. Leaves: rosulate, attenuate at base, oblanceolate, runcinate-pinnatifid, 2.2-17.0 cm long, segments 2-6 pairs, surfaces glaucous, apex acute/obtuse, margins denticulate, teeth indurated, white; cauline leaves few on flowering stem, lanceolate, 2.2-8.5 cm long. Flowers: capitula 0.9-1.5 cm long, solitary, borne on small bract covered; stalk 0.1-1.2 cm long, arising from the nodes; invol bracts 3-4-seriate, often purplish, margins white, membranous, 0.3-0.5-1.2 x 0.1-0.2 cm; those of outer series oblong, obtuse; inner ones linear-lanceolate; florets 20 in number; pappus unimorphic, 0.6-1.0 cm long, white, deciduous; corolla yellow, tube 0.4-0.5 cm long, ligules 0.6-1.0 cm long. Fruits: cypsels black, thickly 4-5 ribbed, 0.3-0.4 cm long, glabrous, minutely wrinkled, truncate or narrowed but scarcely beaked at the apex. Flowers and fruits appears during Ocotber - May.