Plumbago zeylanica

Botanical Name Plumbago zeylanica
Common Name Chitrak
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Plumbaginaceae
Genus: Plumbago
Species: zeylanica
Part used Root and root-bark.
Medicinal Properties Root-bark: antiperiodic and sudorific. Root: abortifacient and vesicant, antidiarrhoeal, antidyspeptic, appetizing, sudorific, digestive.
Medicinal Use Prescribed for oedema, abdominal diseases, piles, sprue, worms and pruritus. Roort-bark: milky juice applied with benefit in scabies and ulcers. Root: useful in anasarca, piles, intermittent fevers and in skin diseases.
ChemistryProtein in pollen grains; volatile oil from leaves and stem; root-bark: fructose, glucose, invertase and protease. Root: chitranone, plumbagin, catechol tannin.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan. Also grown in gardens.
DescriptionA sub-scandent, perennial shrub, branches diffuse. Leaves: alternate, ovate, narrowed into the petiole. Flowers: borne in spikes, rachis of the spike pubescent or glandular. Corolla white, tube long and slender. Base of the style glabrous. Fruits: oblong and pointed capsules, enclosed by persistent viscid calyx. Flowers and fruits during the winter.