Pegolettia senegalensis

Botanical Name Pegolettia senegalensis
Common Name NA
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Pegolettia
Species: senegalensis
Part used Whole plant
Medicinal Properties Tonic
Medicinal Use It is used as a tonic for childrens and administered with ghee. Boiled juice is applied for the wounds in camels.
ChemistryEight cis-6,12-germacra-trans,trans-1(10),4,11-trienolides, five cis-6,12-eudesmanolides, two elemanolides, three germacra-1(10),4,11(13)-trien-12-oic acids having C-8 ester residues, 18-hydroxygeranylnerol, 1,3-dihydroxyoctadecane and a mixture of esters of 3,4-dihydroxydihydrocinnamyl alcohol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatCommonly found on rocks in desert area. Distribution: Churu, Jaisalmer, Barmer and Jodhpur districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionErect, 6-25 cm high annuals. Stem: striate, glabrous but for few scabrouspoints produced by the dried glands. Leaves: variable, those on lower side attenuate at base, oblong or obovate or lyrate, surfaces pubescent, densely gland-dotted, apex subacute, margins entire or with a few irregular, remote, teeth with mucronate lobes, apical leaves bract-like. Flowers: capitula 0.7-1.0 cm across; stalk 0.1-0.2 cm long; involucre 0.9-2.2 cm long ovoid-oblong; bracts densely gland-dotted abaxially, those of outer series linear-lanceolate, 0.4-0.6 cm long, pubescent abaxially, smooth adaxially, margins more or less, fimbriate; inner lanceolate, 0.7 x 0.1 cm, sparsely glandular abaxially, acute; ray-florets few, neuter; disc-florets 0.8 cm long, fertile; pappus 0.2-0.5 cm long, outer smaller, multifid, inner plumose, pale-white; corolla 0.5 cm long, tube 0.25 cm long, dulated upwards, lobes acute; anther 0.2 cm long, apical appendages acute; style 0.5 cm long, bifid, branches subulate. Fruits: cypsels 0.3 cm long, pubescent along ribs. Flowers and fruits appears during September-December.