Spermadictyon suaveolens

Botanical Name Spermadictyon suaveolens
Common Name Ban champa
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Spermadictyon
Species: suaveolens
Part used Roots
Medicinal Properties NA
Medicinal Use Useful in courbature (as infusion)
ChemistryAlcoholic extract of root caused 45% reduction in blood sugar in normal rats and 37% reduction in alloxanised rats respectively at the end of 5th hr. Similar reduction was observed in normal rabbits, dogs and monkeys. Ethyl acetate-soluble fraction of alcoholic extract at 1/10th of above dose showed hypoglycaemic activity of similar magnitude in normal rats but was inactive in alloxanised rats.
Cultivation Cultivated as an ornamental shrub in gardens.
Regional HabitatDistribution: Jodhpur, Bundi and Kota districts.
DescriptionSmall trees, grows upto 3-4 m in height. Bark: greyish or pale-brown, faintly longitudinally fissured. Leaves: stipules triangular, hairy; petioles 0.1-0.6 cm long; lamina truncate or often slightly unequal-sided at base, ovate, elliptic-lanceolate; surfaces pubescent, dense on veins, lateral veins 10-16 pairs, arcuate, conspicuous, apex acute, shortly acuminate, margins entire. Flowers: sessile, borne in leafy panicles; bracts leafy, deminishing in size towards the apex; bracteoles minute, subulate; calyx 0.3 cm long, tube narrow, hairy, teeth 4-5, linear, acute, densely pubescent; corolla white or pale-blue fragrant, tube slender, sparsely pubescent, lobes ovate, glabrous inside. Fruits: capsules like, 0.3-0.4 cm long, 1-celled ellipsoid. Seeds: glabrous, outer coat of testa reticulate. Flowers and Fruits appeared during December-February.