Terminalia bellirica

Botanical Name Terminalia bellirica
Common Name Bahera
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Terminalia
Species: bellirica
Part used Fruits
Medicinal Properties Fruits: antidiarrhoeal, astringent, antipyretic, antileprotic.
Medicinal Use Useful in leprosy, cough, bronchitis, allergic cough, insomnia, edema, dyspepsia, eye disease and graying of hair. It's pulp is used in dropsy, piles and diarrhoea. It is also used in oxalic acid and preparation of ink.
ChemistryFruits: chebulagic acid, ellagic acid and it's ethyl ester, fructose, galactose, glucose and its galloyl derivative, mannitol and rhamnose and beta-sitosterol. Bark: chebulagic acid and ellagic acid. Seed-coat:gallic acid.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatThroughout rajasthan, found in plains and lower hills, growing wild in deciduous forests.
DescriptionA large tree, grows up to 20-25 meters high, rust-coloured pubescence on young branchlets. Leaves: simple, alternate, long petioled and clustered at the ends of the branchlets, elliptic, entire and acute, 8-20 cm long. Spikes slender, interrupted, 8-15 cm long. Flowers: small, dirty-grey or greenish-yellow with a strong offensive smell, found in axillary spikes. Fruits: ovoid, grey, velvety, drupes contain single stony hard seed. Flowers in March-May and fruits in December-February.