Tamarindus indica

Botanical Name Tamarindus indica
Common Name Imli
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Tamarindus
Species: indica
Part used Fruit, leaves, seed-kernel, stem-bark.
Medicinal Properties Laxative, Anthelminthic, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, astringent.
Medicinal Use Seed-kernel: used as milk purgative and stimulant; fruits: used as liver tonic, gastropathy, bilious vomiting, datura poisoning, alcoholic intoxication, dipsia, stoamachic, constipating; Leaves: juice useful in bleeding piles and dysuria, swellings, fever, scalding of urine, gastropathy, helminthiasis, wounds.
ChemistryTartaric acid, citric maleic acid potassium bitartarate, oxalic acid, polysacchaarides, flavonoid, tannins, saponins, sesquiterpenes, alkaloids and phlobatamins.
Cultivation Seeds can be scarified to enhance germination. They retain germination capability after several months if kept dry.
Regional HabitatThroughout Rajasthan growing wild.
DescriptionA moderate-sized to large evergreen tree, upto 24 meter in height and 7 meter in girth. Bark: horizontally and longitudinally fissured, dark-grey or brownish. Leaves: alternate, paripinnate, upto 15cm long, leflets generally 10-20 pairs, sub-sessile, oblong. Flowers: borne in lax few-flowered racemes at end of branchlets, small, yellow with pinkish stripes. Pods: flat, obovate, dehiscent, scurify, brown ash-colored. Seeds: 3-12, obovate-oblong, compressed, with a shallow oblong pit on each side of the flat faces, smooth, dark brown.