Urginea indica

Botanical Name Urginea indica
Common Name Jungli pyaz
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Liliidae
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Urginea
Species: indica
Part used Plant and bulb.
Medicinal Properties Bulb: anthelmintic, alexiteric, expectorant, cardiac, heart stimulant, diuretic, deobstruent and emmenagogue. Plant: cyanogenetic and expectorant.
Medicinal Use It enhances excretory Products Removal, it helps in opening the natural pores of the body. This herb enhances removal of catarrhal matter. It removes phlegm from the body in case of bronchial catarrh, asthma and chronic bronchitis. Juice of the herb is taken with honey. It controls irregular Menstruation. The bulb is used for dropsy cure. Becoz of diuretic properties, it helps to increase the urine volume. Bulb also cures headaches and diseases of the nose. This is also used to treat various other diseases such as rheumatism, chronic nephritis, ringworm, leprosy and scabies.
ChemistryBulb: hentriacontanol, octacosanoic acid, glycosides and scillaren A and B. Root, bulb and leaf: sitosterol, stigmasterol and campasterol. Tuber: scillarenin.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatFound in wild areas, throughout Rajasthan.
DescriptionA small, glabrous herb with a pale, ovoid or pear-shaped bulb which is 5 to 10 cm long. Leaves: linear, nearly flat, apex acute. Scape erect, brittle 30 to 45 cm long and 4 to 6 mm in diameter at the base. Flowers: greenish-white, brownish or purplish, drooped, bracts minute, pedicels, slender, perianth campanulate, oblong lanceolate, obtuse. Fruits: capsule, ellipsoidal or oblong, tapering to both ends, the cells 6 to 9 seeded. Seeds: flattened, black.