Vernonia anthelmintica

Botanical Name Vernonia anthelmintica
Common Name Kalijiri, Somraj
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Vernonia
Species: anthelmintica
Part used Fruits, seeds.
Medicinal Properties Seeds: astringent, anthelmintic and purgative.
Medicinal Use Roundworm and threadworm infestation, cough, urinary retention, inflammation, pruritus, abdominal colic, fever and leucoderma. Seeds: medicine for white leprosy (leuco-derma), and other skin diseases. The seeds are hot and have sharp taste.
ChemistryAmino acids, linoleic myristic, oleic, palmitic, stearic and vernoleic acids, brassicasterol, stigmasterol, elemanolide lactone, vernodalol.
Cultivation NA
Regional HabitatFrequently occurs in sandy soils and wet-places. Also found in outskirts of forest areas. Distribution: Jodhpur, Bhilwara, Jaipur and Jhalawar districts of Rajasthan.
DescriptionAn annual herb grows up to 70 cm in height. Leaves: ovoid or lanceolate, acute, serrate, pubescent on both sides. Stem: robust, erect, leafy with velvety branches. leaves: alternate, 5-8 cm long, obovate, with base narrowing into the stalk. Flowers: tubular, 5-lobed, purplish in corymbose head, flower-heads are borne at the end of branches in 10-20 cm clusters. Fruits: achenes, oblong, and cylindric. Seed: pods are 4-6 cm long, 10 ribbed, oblong. Flower appears during October-January.