|Botanical Name|| Vernonia cinerea|
|Common Name|| Dandotapala, Sadodi|
|Part used|| Whole plant, seeds and leaves. |
|Medicinal Properties|| Antispasmodic, antidotal. Whole plant: tonic, astringent, stomachic, febrifuge, diaphoretic, alterative. Seeds: anthelmintic and alexipharmic.|
|Medicinal Use|| The juice of the plant is given to children with urinary incontinence. A decoction of it is also given in diarrhea, stomachache and for cough and colic pain. Plant possess anti cancerous property. Seeds: Cures diseases caused by roundworms and threadworms, coughs, flatulence, intestinal colic, dysuria, leucoderma, psoriasis and other chronic skin-diseases. The seeds are made into a paste with lime juice and used for destroying pediculi. Leaves: useful in conjunctivitis, and in lacrimation, eaten as a potherb.
|Chemistry||Triterpenes, 24-hydroxytaraxer-14-ene, b-amyrin acetate, b-amyrin benzoate, lupeol and its acetate, beta-sitosterol, sigmasterol and a-spinasterol. Seeds: fatty oil.
|Regional Habitat||Frequently occurs in wet and dry soil and on the rock cervices. During the rainy season this plant is erect and robust upto 1m tall; after rains in the month of February-April or summers, it shows reduction in size forming small diffuse habit. Distribution: almost throughout the Rajasthan.|
|Description||An erect, rarely decumbent, annual herb grows up to 75 cm in height. Stem: slender, grooved and ribbed. Leaves: simple, alternate, variable in shape, broadly elliptic or lanceolate, membranous or coriaceous. Flowers: pinkish and purple, rounded or flat-topped corymbs. Achenes: oblong, terete, & slightly narrowed at the base. Fruits: oblong achenes, slightly narrowed base, white hairs on one side. Flowers and fruits appears during August-April.