Xanthium strumarium

Botanical Name Xanthium strumarium
Common Name Raktapushpi
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Xanthium
Species: strumarium
Part used Whole plant, fruit, root and seeds.
Medicinal Properties Whole plant: digestive, antipyretic, cooling, laxative, alexiteric, tonic, alterative and anthelmintic. Root:tonic. Fruits: cooling, demulcent.
Medicinal Use This plant's component xanthinin shows antibacterial activity. It resembles sunflower oil and used in bladder infection, herpes, and erysipelas. Whole plant: improves appetite, voice, complexion, and memory. It cures leucoderma, biliousness, poisonous bites of insects, epilepsy, salivation, teeth diseases and fever. Roots: used in cancer, strumous diseases. Fruits: useful in headache. Seeds: fumes inhaled for piles(burnt).
ChemistryWhole plant: xanthinin. Seed: edible oil.
Cultivation Requires a sunny position, prefers a poor dry soil.
Regional HabitatIt commonly grows in waste places, along with roadsides and river banks. Distribution: throughout Rajasthan.
DescriptionIt's an annual herb with a short, stout, hairy stem. Leaves: broadly triangular-ovate or suborbicular.